crest

யாழ்ப்பாண அரச குடும்பத்தின் அதிகாரப்பூர்வ இணையத்தளம்

The Official Website of the Royal Family of Jaffna (Sri Lanka)

යාපනය රාජකීය පෙළපතේ නිල වෙබ් අඩවිය

King Statue

Personal Biography

Villavarayar Sinnathamby Pulavar
(1716-1760)

Mudaliyar Naganathar of Nallur, Jaffna, was a descendant of King Cinkai Pararacacekaran (1478-1519). His son Mudaliyar Naganathar Villavarayar was a highly educated person who was held in great respect by the people and the Government. Mudaliyar Naganathar Villavarayar’s son was Villavarayar Sinnathamby Pulavar, and he was a poet of great distinction, who lived in Nallur, Jaffna.

Dictionary of Biography of the Tamils of Ceylon asserts that he was one of those appointed by the Dutch Governor to compile and codify the Laws and Customs of the Tamil People of Jaffna. This eventually became a proper Legal Act entitled the “Thesavalamai” in 1707. It embodies the traditions and values which were crystallized under the Kings of Jaffna. It is the Law of the Land even today and is applicable to the Tamil People of Jaffna only. It has been said that Kulankai Thambiran, the reputed tutor, spent much of his time with the Mudaliyar.

The young Sinnathamby Pulavar being the son of the Mudaliyar Naganathar Villavarayar therefore grew up under the guidance and tutelage of Kulankai who was a strict disciplinarian. Dictionary of Biography of the Tamils of Ceylon asserts that Sinnathamby Pulavar, who started composing verses even when he was seven years old, unfortunately, he started playing truant and fell from grace. One day he took his father by surprise, by completing some verses, which his father had left incomplete. Thereafter he was reconciled with his father and turned a new life in his career. He commenced his life-task of composing celebrated poetical works on the traditional lore of the land.

Among his works are:
1. “Paralai Pallu” composed in the form of narration among harvesting folks.
2. “Kalvalai Anthathi” or the story of the Vinayagar Temple at Kalvalai in Sandilipay. It is popular with the devotees of the temple.
3. “Marasai Anthathi” composed at the age of fifty, during a pilgrimage to Chidambaram and Vetharniam.
4. “Karavai Velan Kovai” another temple history.